Date sent: Tue, 11 Mar 1997 08:30:03 -0700 (MST) From: BARR DOUG
To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Re: Request for backup information about the 1977 hearings by Congress on the "MK" series of covert test programmes. The following are excerpts from the Congressional record titled HUMAN DRUG TESTING BY THE CIA, 1977, Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research of the Committee on Human Resources. This Committee met on September 20, 1977. This information was found on Microfiche CIS785411-19, with the call #KF49.C6. IT IS AN OFFICIAL US DOCUMENT. Opening Statement by Chairman: Today the Health and Scientific Research Subcommittee resumes it's inquiry into the biologic and behavioral activities off the Central Intellegence Agency and the Department of Defense. The events we will hear about over the next 2 days occurred between 1952 and 1972. They had their origin in a different time which had differnt values and realities. But it is important for us to fully understand these events today--because they raise fundamental quesitons about what kind of society we are and what we want to become. ..... Individual Americans from all social levels, high and low, were made the unwitting subjects of drug tests;scores of Universities were used to further CIA research objectives without their knowledge, thus threatening in a fundamental way their traditional independence and integrity; other Government agencies such as the Bureau of Narcotics, the National Institute of Health, and the Internal Revenue Service, were used to further the programs and mission of the Central Intellegence Agency. These projects were not the creation of low-level agency bureaucrats working against the wishes or without the knowledge of the Agency's leadership. ... on to page 158 I. CODEWORD PROJECTS IDENTIFIED BY THE CENTRAL INTELLEGENCE AGENCY In testimony on August 3, 1977, before a joint session of the Senate Select Committee on Intellegence and the Senate Committe on Health and Scientific Research, the Director of Central Intelligence reported that the Central Intellegence Agency has located a number of boxes of documents, consisting largly of financial records, relating to experiments using human subjects in which drugs were tested for mind-control and behavior modification purposes. The Director testified that it appeared that three of the projects described by these documents--projects designated MKSEARCH, MKOFTEN and MKCHICKWIT--were Department of Defense programs with which the CIA had had some contact. The Director also described three other projects -- designated MKULTRA< MKDELTA and MKNAOMI -- which were primarily CIA progects but which might have had some Department of Defense involvement. It appears from the available documents that these projects cover subjects matters as follows: MKDELTA: This was apparently the first project established by the CIA in October, 1952, for the use of biochemicals in clandestine operations. It may never have been implemented operationally. MKULTRA: This was a successor project to MKDELTA established in April, 1953, and terminating some time int the late 1960's probably after 1966. This progam considered various means of controlling human behavior. Drugs were only one aspect of this activity. MKNAOMI: This project began in the 1950's and was terminated at least with respect biological projects, in 1969. This may have been a successor to MKDELTA. Its purpose was to stockpile severly incapacitating and lethal materials, and to defvelop gadgetry for the dissemination of these materials. MKSEARCH: This was apparently a successor project to MKULTRA, which began in 1965 and was terminated in 1973. The objective of the project was to develop a capability to manipulate human behavior in a predictable manner through the use of drugs. MKCHICKWIT: This was apparantly a part of the MKSEARCH program. ITs objective was to identify new drug developments in Europe and Asia and to obtain information and samples. MKOFTEN: This was also apparently a part of the MKSEARCH project. Its objective was to test the behavioral and toxicological effects of certain drugs on animals and humans. II. ARMY PROGRAMS It appears from the available documents that the Army was involved in one aspect of the CIA project designated as MKCHICKWIT and two aspects of a counterpart project designated MKOFTEN. The document search is described in section A below, and eachof the Army programs is describe in section B below. ... (The report continues for over 100 pages, you will have to look it up yourself but it does feature original testimony by the people involved as well as revealing original documents. It is these documents that were the source of Marks book "In Search of the Manchurian Candidate") CONTRARY TO WHAT MANY PEOPLE CONCLUDED, THIS TYPE OF RESEARCH DID NOT STOP IN THE 1970'S NOR HAS IT STOPPED TODAY. FOR AN UPDATE ON WHAT IS HAPPENING TODAY READ CONSTANTINE'S "PSYCHIC DICTATORSHIP OF THE USA".